Which Programming Languages Is Best For Freshers In 2024

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Hey there! Are you thinking about a career in tech, but feeling lost about where to start? You’re not alone. Picking the right programming language to learn can feel super overwhelming, especially with all the different options out there.

This article is here to be your guide! We’ll break down what programming languages are and why they’re important. Then, we’ll dive into some of the hottest languages for beginners in 2024, so you can land that dream tech job. Let’s get started.

What is a Programming Language

In simple terms, programming languages are like special instructions that software developers use to tell computers what to do. There are many different programming languages, each with its own set of rules and structure. Just like human languages have grammar and vocabulary, programming languages have syntax and semantics.

Think of a programming language as a recipe for a computer program. The developer writes the code (the recipe) in a text editor, and then the code is either compiled or interpreted by the computer (depending on the language). This compiled or interpreted code is what the computer actually understands and executes.

In the past, programming was a complex skill that only a few people could master. Today, many IT jobs require some knowledge of programming languages. The best language to learn depends on a few things, such as what you want to achieve (e.g. develop mobile apps, build websites) and your existing coding skills.

The article you shared also talks about the different types of programming languages (high-level vs low-level) and gives some examples of popular languages in demand today.

machine learning software

Types of Programming Languages

There are different ways to instruct computers, and each approach is suited for various tasks. Here’s a glimpse into some popular paradigms:

  • Procedural Programming: Imagine breaking down a complex recipe into smaller steps. Procedural languages work similarly, using functions or procedures as building blocks. C, Pascal, and FORTRAN are well-known examples.

  • Functional Programming: This paradigm emphasizes functions, treating them like self-contained units. Unlike procedural languages, functions here don’t alter data but create new outputs based on inputs. Haskell, Clojure, and Lisp are some functional languages.

  • Object-Oriented Programming: This approach revolves around objects, which bundle data (like properties) and actions (like methods) that operate on that data. Popular languages like Java, Python, C++, and Ruby fall under this category.

  • Scripting Languages: These are known for their ease of use and readability. Scripting languages are often interpreted, meaning they’re executed line by line without a separate compilation step. Examples include JavaScript (commonly used for web development) and Python (used for various purposes like web development and data analysis).

  • Logic Programming: As the name suggests, this paradigm is based on logic. Programs are written as a set of rules and facts, allowing the computer to reason and solve problems. Prolog is a popular example used in artificial intelligence.

  • Imperative Programming: Here, you provide a sequence of instructions for the computer to follow, step by step. C, C++, Java, and Python are all imperative languages. They are widely used for various software development tasks, including system programming.

How to Choose a Programming Language

The best language depends on the problem you’re trying to solve. Consider factors like:

  • Purpose: Are you building a website, analyzing data, or creating an application?
  • Complexity: How intricate is your project?
  • Your experience: Are you a beginner or a seasoned programmer?

You can select the programming language that most closely matches your requirements by being aware of these concepts and their advantages.

How to Learn Programming Language Effectively

Learning to code is rewarding, but it takes effort. This guide offers some helpful strategies to make the journey smoother.

Grasp the basics first

Before diving into a specific language, understand core concepts like variables (containers that hold data), data types (different kinds of data), loops (repeated execution of code blocks), and functions (reusable blocks of code). This foundation applies to many languages, making them easier to learn later.

Pick the right language for you

Consider what you’re interested in and what you want to achieve with coding. Research different languages online to see their strengths and what they’re commonly used for.

The web is your coding friend

To learn programming, there are lots of both paid and free tools available online. Utilise interactive platforms, tutorials, and online courses to improve your theoretical understanding and practical experience.

Practice makes perfect

The more you code, the better you’ll become. There are many ways to practice: solve coding challenges on platforms like Naukri Campus, join online coding communities to connect with other learners, and build small projects to solidify your understanding.

Don’t be afraid to ask for help

Everyone gets stuck sometimes. If you run into a challenge, seek help from experienced programmers or online forums. Collaboration with other learners can create a supportive environment and boost your skills.

To learn programming, there are lots of both paid and free tools available online. Utilise interactive platforms, tutorials, and online courses to improve your theoretical understanding and practical experience.

You’ll be well on your way to becoming an expert programmer if you read the following recommendations.

8 best programming languages to learn for Freshers

  1. Python
  2. C/C++
  3. Java
  4. JavaScript
  5. Go
  6. SQL
  7. Swift
  8. TypeScript

This is a great starting point for someone looking to enter the world of programming. The languages you’ve mentioned cover a variety of areas and can be used to build many different things.

programming languages

Here’s a quick breakdown of what each language is typically used for:

  • Python: A general-purpose language known for its readability and ease of use. Popular in data science, machine learning, web development, and scripting.
  • C/C++: Powerful languages that offer a lot of control over hardware. Used for system programming, game development, and high-performance applications.
  • Java: A widely used language for enterprise applications, Android development, and big data.
  • JavaScript: The king of front-end web development, also used for back-end development with Node.js and game development.
  • Go: Developed by Google, Go is known for its simplicity, and concurrency features, and is used for web services, cloud applications, and command-line tools.
  • SQL: Not exactly a programming language, but a Structured Query Language essential for interacting with relational databases.
  • Swift: Primarily used for developing Apple applications for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
  • TypeScript: Static typing is an optional addition to JavaScript, which makes it a popular choice for large-scale online applications.

Choosing the right language depends on your interests and career goals. Do you want to build websites? Work with data? Develop mobile apps? Once you have a better idea of what you’d like to achieve, you can narrow down the list and focus on learning a specific language.


This article explored programming languages, defining them and explaining their significance. After that, we looked at several language kinds and some things to think about when choose which to start with.

Feeling overwhelmed by all the options? Don’t worry! The article also provides a list of eight popular languages ideal for beginners, including Python, Java, and JavaScript.

Remember, your goals will decide which language is best to study. Are you interested in web development or data science?  You can choose a language that fits your interests and professional goals after you have a better understanding of what you would like to achieve.

The world of coding is vast and exciting, and this guide is just the first step. With so many free and paid resources available online, there’s no better time to dive in and start learning.

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