What is a supercomputer and how does it work? – Techcompreviews

Today we will talk about what is a supercomputer and what does it work for? About Super computer You may all know about computers, but today we will tell you about supercomputers. If you do not know about Super Computer, then this post is for you only. In this post, you will get the complete information of super computer . What do you think is the supercomputer in this post ?

  • How does a supercomputer work? 
  • What does a supercomputer do?
  •  How much does a super computer cost? 
  • What is the fastest supercomputer in the world? 
  • Which is the fastest supercomputer in India?

Information about all this will be available. So let’s know,  what is a supercomputer and what does it do? 

 In listening to a supercomputer, the super version of the computer takes place, this is also true because the supercomputer is called a device that performs fast processing from the existing computer. If we talk of earlier times, computers used vacuum tubes and transistors and computers used to be of the size of big rooms.

But after the introduction of Integrated Circuit and microchips, the computer size has reduced to a great extent. Let’s know about supercomputers. A supercomputer is a computer with a higher level of performance than a general-purpose computer. A super computer can perform much higher level calculating and computing than a general-purpose computer.


What is a super computer? 

It works thousands of times faster than a normal computer. That is why it is called supercomputer. It is the fastest and powerful at any time compared to all available computer systems. Supercomputer performance is typically measured in floating-point operations per second rather than in million instructions per second. This computer system is used where there is a need to perform real-time tasks with much power and fast processing.

Operating System in Supercomputers:

The performance of supercomputers is measured in FLOPS, which means floating-point operations per second. Therefore, the more FLOPS the computer has, the more powerful it will be. A supercomputer is a computer that currently performs at the highest operational rate. It is most commonly used for scientific and engineering applications.

How does a super computer work?

The need for supercomputers is used for scientific and engineering experiments which require the calculation of very high database and high-level calculations. Supercomputers are very fast, powerful, and expensive. That is why it is used only where there is a need for very large and fast calculations. Apart from this, it is also used in special operations, because special operations are very short of time, they have to work more in less time.

What are the functions of a super computer?

Let me show you where the supercomputer is used by doing a little experiment. The following tasks are mainly performed from a supercomputer.

Functions of Supercomputer:

Climate Research

Weather forecasting

Physical Simulations

Code Breaking

Genetic Analysis

Animated Graphics

Quantum Mechanics

Molecular Modeling

Oil and Gas Exploration

Fluid Dynamic Calculations

Nuclear Energy Research

How much does a super computer cost?

Price of Super computer : The price of a supercomputer depends on how much floating point per second it calculates. The faster the supercomputer, the higher its price, ie the more expensive it will be. So it is not easy to make and use supercomputers. Supercomputers typically cost $ 20,000 but larger supercomputers cost up to the US $ 300 million.

The super computer of the World

When it comes to supercomputers, the question must have come in your mind that which are the fastest supercomputers in the world and which are from which country? America has the 2 fastest computers in the world. The names of these two computers are Summit and Sierra. Both of these use IBM technology. Summit has crowned the fastest computer in the world in June 2018.

He performed the mathematical test LINPACK at 122.3 petaflops per second. Before the summit, China’s Sunway TaihuLight was the fastest computer in the world. Which had an estimated value of $ 273 million. Overall, 5 of the world’s 10 fastest supercomputers are American, 1 Chinese, and 1–1 from Switzerland, Japan, and Germany.

Supercomputer of India

As of January 2018, Pratyush (Cray XC40) is the fastest supercomputer in India. Its memory is 1.5 terabytes. It was inaugurated (8 January 2018) by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Earth Sciences. It is located at the “Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology” (IITM) in Pune. The top speed of India’s supercomputer is 42.56 TFLOPS per second.

Top 5 Supercomputers of India.

The names of the 5 fastest supercomputers in India are as follows.

  1. Pratush – Cray XC40
  2. Mihir – Cray XC40
  3. InC1 – Lenovo C1040
  4. SERC – Cray XC40
  5. iDataPlex DX360M4

When and who made the supercomputer?

If you study the history of computers, then you will know that no one has contributed to it, but it is made by the contribution of many people. Different people have contributed differently at different times in making computers. After that, we got this amazing machine (computer). But if we talk about a single person, then Seymour Cray (1925-1996) has contributed the most to make a supercomputer. So they are most credited with making supercomputers.

Benefits of Supercomputers:

Supercomputers are used by many big companies like IBM, PayPal. This computer not only provides more speed than a normal computer but also reduces online fraud.

It works thousands of times faster than a normal computer. With which we can do maximum work in less time. Overall, supercomputers have become a necessity for people who run in today’s run-of-the-mill world. Some areas have become so dependent on it that they cannot work without a supercomputer.



Today we are living in the age of information technology and this technology cannot exist without computers. The computer we use in daily life is called an ordinary computer. Simple complex syrups can be simple tasks such as doing small calculations, viewing pictures, typing text. But supercomputers are needed for big things.


In this article, we learned what is a supercomputer and what works? Where is a supercomputer used? How much does a supercomputer cost?

I hope you have liked this information, if yes, please share this article and help us.

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